Cold Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia as First Clinical Manifestations in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) in Young Female Patient, a Rare Association: Case Report

Authors

  • Haidar Alhashim Internal medicine and Adult Hematology Consultant, Internal medicine department, Prince Saud Bin Jalawi Hospital, Al-Ahsa, KSA. https://orcid.org/0009-0002-1339-9586
  • Hussain M. Alsaleh Internal Medicine and Nephrology Consultant, Internal medicine department, Prince Saud Bin Jalawi Hospital, Al-Ahsa, KSA.
  • Raed A. Alfayez Medical Intern, King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa, KSA. https://orcid.org/0009-0009-2821-4557
  • Ahmed M. Alamin Medical Intern, West Kordofan University, West Kordofan, Sudan.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54293/smhj.v4i2.101

Keywords:

Cold antibody autoimmune hemolytic anemia, pancytopenia, direct coombs test, Systemic Lupus, Antinuclear antibodies, Rituximab

Abstract

Background: Cold autoimmune hemolytic anemia” is very uncommon in systemic lupus erythematous (SLE), and until now a small number of similar reports have been published in scientific papers.

Case presentation: Here, we present a nineteen-year-old female patient who admitted with cold type hemolytic anemia, pancytopenia and was later diagnosed to have SLE.

Conclusion: Despite the very rare association between SLE and cold autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA), this case report improves clinical practice regarding considering SLE as one of the differential diagnoses in cold AIHA, to provide early diagnosis and optimal management.

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Published

2024-04-27

How to Cite

1.
Alhashim H, Alsaleh HM, Alfayez RA, Alamin AM. Cold Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia as First Clinical Manifestations in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) in Young Female Patient, a Rare Association: Case Report. SMHJ [Internet]. 2024 Apr. 27 [cited 2024 May 18];4(2):109-11. Available from: https://smh-j.com/smhj/article/view/101

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Section

Case Report