The Effect of Obesity on Surgical Outcomes in General Surgery Patients: A Systematic Review of 1,680,694 patients

Authors

  • Haneen I Brnawi Consultant general surgery and assistant professor in Tabuk University, Tabuk, KSA
  • Ahmed A Alghabban Medical Student, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tabuk, Tabuk, KSA. https://orcid.org/0009-0004-6646-5692
  • Raghad E ALamri Medical Intern, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tabuk, Tabuk, KSA. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2893-9004
  • Ali A Alqahtani Medical Intern, Faculty of Medicine, King Khalid University, Aseer, KSA.
  • Saud Hussain Medical student, Faculty of Medicine, king Khalid University, Abha, KSA.
  • Abdulrahman Alqahtani Medical Intern, Faculty of Medicine, King Khalid University, Aseer, KSA.
  • Marwan Alomran Medical Student, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tabuk, Tabuk, KSA. https://orcid.org/0009-0008-6901-8280
  • Saleem Alatya Medical Student, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tabuk, Tabuk, KSA. https://orcid.org/0009-0009-2313-4347
  • Marwan Alkhaibari Medical Student, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tabuk, Tabuk, KSA. https://orcid.org/0009-0007-6941-8172
  • Khalid Asiri Medical Student, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Asir, KSA. https://orcid.org/0009-0001-6071-5521
  • Khaled Hader Medical Student, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Asir, KSA. https://orcid.org/0009-0003-4923-5847
  • Rayyan Alassiri Medical student, Faculty of Medicine, king Khalid University, Abha, KSA. https://orcid.org/0009-0004-6140-0451
  • Meshal Alharbi Medical intern, college of medicine, king Khalid University, Abha, KSA.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54293/smhj.v4i2.105

Keywords:

Keywords: Obesity; BMI; General surgery; Complications Systematic review.

Abstract

The study examined the impact of obesity on general surgery patients, analyzing eleven studies with 1,680,694 patients. Results showed that obesity increases postoperative wound infection risk, blood loss, and recovery times. However, prospective studies found no increase in surgical complications or hospitalization expenses. Obesity may protect against venous thromboembolism and death, but post-operative complications in obese patients undergoing general surgical procedures remain controversial due to metabolic, pharmacologic, and systemic illnesses. Obesity increases surgical duration and SSIs, potentially increasing immediate complications.

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Published

2024-04-27

How to Cite

1.
I Brnawi H, A Alghabban A, E ALamri R, A Alqahtani A, Hussain S, Alqahtani A, Alomran M, Alatya S, Alkhaibari M, Asiri K, Hader K, Alassiri R, Alharbi M. The Effect of Obesity on Surgical Outcomes in General Surgery Patients: A Systematic Review of 1,680,694 patients. SMHJ [Internet]. 2024 Apr. 27 [cited 2024 May 18];4(2):80-8. Available from: https://smh-j.com/smhj/article/view/105

Issue

Section

Review Article